AVR-Based Serial Enabled LCDs Hookup Guide

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Firmware Overview

Note: The examples in this tutorial assume you are using the latest version of the Arduino IDE on your desktop. If this is your first time using Arduino, please review our tutorial on installing the Arduino IDE.

The easiest way to control the display is to use the SparkFun SerLCD Arduino Library. But if you prefer, you can connect using any device that can produce serial UART, I2C, or SPI.

The most basic way to use these screens is to simply send characters to them. They will display on the screen as you send them, and then if you go beyond the last character of the screen, it will begin overwriting from the first spot.

You can choose to send characters over Serial UART, I2C, or SPI. The best way to learn about each communication protocol is to try out the "basic" example located in the GitHub repository.

In addition to basic operation, there are special commands you can send the screen for special operations (like "clear screen" or set cursor position) and configuration settings (like BAUD RATE).

Configuration & Command Set

The special pipe character '|' (also called the 'or' character) is used to tell the screen to enter "settings mode". You then follow this command with another special character (usually "ctrl+c", ctrl+d, etc.). A complete table of commands are shown below in ASCII, DEC and HEX. Any one of these representations is acceptable when sending a command character.

The HD44780 LCD controller is very common. The extended commands for this chip include but are not limited to those described in table. Please refer to the HD44780 datasheet for more information.

Note, this "cheat sheet" is also located at the top of each example code section for easy reference.

ASCII DEC HEX Description
'|' 124 0x7C Enter Settings Mode
ctrl+h 8 0x08 Software reset of the system
ctrl+i 9 0x09 Enable/disable splash screen
ctrl+j 10 0x0A Save currently displayed text as splash
ctrl+k 11 0x0B Change baud to 2400bps
ctrl+l 12 0x0C Change baud to 4800bps
ctrl+m 13 0x0D Change baud to 9600bps
ctrl+n 14 0x0E Change baud to 14400bps
ctrl+o 15 0x0F Change baud to 19200bps
ctrl+p 16 0x10 Change baud to 38400bps
ctrl+q 17 0x11 Change baud to 57600bps
ctrl+r 18 0x12 Change baud to 115200bps
ctrl+s 19 0x13 Change baud to 230400bps
ctrl+t 20 0x14 Change baud to 460800bps
ctrl+u 21 0x15 Change baud to 921600bps
ctrl+v 22 0x16 Change baud to 1000000bps
ctrl+w 23 0x17 Change baud to 1200bps
ctrl+x 24 0x18 Change the contrast. Follow Ctrl+x with number 0 to 255. 40 is default.
ctrl+y 25 0x19 Change the TWI address. Follow Ctrl+y with number 0 to 255. 114 (0x72) is default.
ctrl+z 26 0x1A Enable/disable ignore RX pin on startup (ignore emergency reset)
ESC to '"' 27-34 0x1B-0x22 Record line of pixel data to a custom character. Up to eight characters can be recorded. Each character is made up of 7 lines of pixel data. Each line of pixel data must be proceeded by the character position to record within. 0x1B = character 0. 0x22 = character 7. For example, 0x1C 01 1C 03 1C 07 1C 0F 1C 1F 1C 3F 1C 7F will draw a triangle in character location 1. Saved to NVM.
'#' to '*' 35-42 0x23-0x2A Display custom character 0 through 7. For example, 0x24 will display the character stored in location 1. 0x28 will display character stored in location 5.
'+' 43 0x2B Set RGB Backlight. Follow this command with three bytes representing Red, Green, Blue, backlight values. Supported on v1.1+ of SerLCD.
',' 44 0x2C Display current SerLCD firmware version. Supported on v1.1+ of SerLCD. If this command doesn't display anything version is v1.0.
'-' 45 0x2D Clear display. Move cursor to home position.
'.' 46 0x2E Enable system messages as settings change (ie, 'Contrast: 5'). Supported on v1.2+ of SerLCD.
'/' 47 0x2F Disable the displaying of system messages. Supported on v1.2+ of SerLCD.
'0' 48 0x30 Enable splash screen at power on. Similar to Ctrl+i command but definitive. Supported on v1.2+ of SerLCD.
'1' 49 0x31 Disable splash screen at power on. Similar to Ctrl+i command but definitive. Supported on v1.2+ of SerLCD.
n/a 128-157 0x80-0x9D Set the primary backlight brightness. 128 = Off, 157 = 100%.
n/a 158-187 0x9E-0xBB Set the green backlight brightness. 158 = Off, 187 = 100%.
n/a 188-217 0xBC-0xD9 Set the blue backlight brightness. 188 = Off, 217 = 100%.
ctrl+c to ctrl+g 3-7 0x03-0x07 Depricated command: Send line width.

OpenLCD "Cheat Sheet" Command Set

Clear Screen and Set Cursor Position

Clear display and set cursor position are the two commands that are used frequently. To clear the screen, send the control character '|' followed by '-'. Clearing the screen resets the cursor position back to position 0 (i.e. the first character on the first line).

Here's how you could do it doing a Serial UART write on software serial:

language:cpp
OpenLCD.write('|'); //Send setting character
OpenLCD.write('-'); //Send clear display character

Note, most of the example sketches in the repo use these two commands during setup(), so you can try any of the examples out to see these commands in action.

To set the active cursor position, send the control character 254 followed by 128 + row + position. To give this a shot, check out the complete example sketch in the GitHub repo or copy and paste the following into your Arduino IDE:

language:cpp
/*
 OpenLCD is an LCD with Serial/I2C/SPI interfaces.
 By: Nathan Seidle
 SparkFun Electronics
 Date: April 19th, 2015
 License: This code is public domain but you buy me a beer if you use this and we meet someday (Beerware license).

 OpenLCD gives the user multiple interfaces (serial, I2C, and SPI) to control an LCD. SerLCD was the original
 serial LCD from SparkFun that ran on the PIC 16F88 with only a serial interface and limited feature set.
 This is an updated serial LCD.

 This example shows how to change the position of the cursor. This is very important as this is the
 fastest way to update the screen, ie - rather than clearing the display and re-transmitting a handful of bytes
 a cursor move allows us to re-paint only what we need to update.

 We assume the module is currently at default 9600bps.

 We use software serial because if OpenLCD is attached to an Arduino's hardware serial port during bootloading 
 it can cause problems for both devices.

 Note: If OpenLCD gets into an unknown state or you otherwise can't communicate with it send 18 (0x12 or ctrl+r) 
 at 9600 baud while the splash screen is active and the unit will reset to 9600 baud.

 Emergency reset: If you get OpenLCD stuck into an unknown baud rate, unknown I2C address, etc, there is a 
 safety mechanism built-in. Tie the RX pin to ground and power up OpenLCD. You should see the splash screen 
 then "System reset Power cycle me" and the backlight will begin to blink. Now power down OpenLCD and remove 
 the RX/GND jumper. OpenLCD is now reset to 9600bps with a I2C address of 0x72. Note: This feature can be 
 disabled if necessary. See *Ignore Emergency Reset* for more information.

 To get this code to work, attached an OpenLCD to an Arduino Uno using the following pins:
 RX (OpenLCD) to Pin 7 (Arduino)
 VIN to 5V
 GND to GND

 Command cheat sheet:
 ASCII / DEC / HEX
 '|'    / 124 / 0x7C - Put into setting mode
 Ctrl+c / 3 / 0x03 - Change width to 20
 Ctrl+d / 4 / 0x04 - Change width to 16
 Ctrl+e / 5 / 0x05 - Change lines to 4
 Ctrl+f / 6 / 0x06 - Change lines to 2
 Ctrl+g / 7 / 0x07 - Change lines to 1
 Ctrl+h / 8 / 0x08 - Software reset of the system
 Ctrl+i / 9 / 0x09 - Enable/disable splash screen
 Ctrl+j / 10 / 0x0A - Save currently displayed text as splash
 Ctrl+k / 11 / 0x0B - Change baud to 2400bps
 Ctrl+l / 12 / 0x0C - Change baud to 4800bps
 Ctrl+m / 13 / 0x0D - Change baud to 9600bps
 Ctrl+n / 14 / 0x0E - Change baud to 14400bps
 Ctrl+o / 15 / 0x0F - Change baud to 19200bps
 Ctrl+p / 16 / 0x10 - Change baud to 38400bps
 Ctrl+q / 17 / 0x11 - Change baud to 57600bps
 Ctrl+r / 18 / 0x12 - Change baud to 115200bps
 Ctrl+s / 19 / 0x13 - Change baud to 230400bps
 Ctrl+t / 20 / 0x14 - Change baud to 460800bps
 Ctrl+u / 21 / 0x15 - Change baud to 921600bps
 Ctrl+v / 22 / 0x16 - Change baud to 1000000bps
 Ctrl+w / 23 / 0x17 - Change baud to 1200bps
 Ctrl+x / 24 / 0x18 - Change the contrast. Follow Ctrl+x with number 0 to 255. 120 is default.
 Ctrl+y / 25 / 0x19 - Change the TWI address. Follow Ctrl+x with number 0 to 255. 114 (0x72) is default.
 Ctrl+z / 26 / 0x1A - Enable/disable ignore RX pin on startup (ignore emergency reset)
 '-'    / 45 / 0x2D - Clear display. Move cursor to home position.
        / 128-157 / 0x80-0x9D - Set the primary backlight brightness. 128 = Off, 157 = 100%.
        / 158-187 / 0x9E-0xBB - Set the green backlight brightness. 158 = Off, 187 = 100%.
        / 188-217 / 0xBC-0xD9 - Set the blue backlight brightness. 188 = Off, 217 = 100%.

 For example, to change the baud rate to 115200 send 124 followed by 18.

*/

#include <SoftwareSerial.h>

SoftwareSerial OpenLCD(6, 7); //RX (not used), TX

int counter = 250;

void setup()
{
  Serial.begin(9600); //Start serial communication at 9600 for debug statements
  Serial.println("OpenLCD Example Code");

  OpenLCD.begin(115200); //Begin communication with OpenLCD

  //Send the reset command to the display - this forces the cursor to return to the beginning of the display
  OpenLCD.write('|'); //Send setting character
  OpenLCD.write('-'); //Send clear display character

  OpenLCD.print("Hello World!    Counter: "); //For 16x2 LCDs
  //OpenLCD.print("Hello World!        Counter: "); //For 20x4 LCDs
}

void loop()
{
  OpenLCD.write(254); //Send command character
  OpenLCD.write(128 + 64 + 9); //Change the position (128) of the cursor to 2nd row (64), position 9 (9)

  OpenLCD.print(counter++); //Re-print the counter
  //OpenLCD.print(" "); //When the counter wraps back to 0 it leaves artifacts on the display

  delay(2); //Hang out for a bit if we are running at 115200bps
}

The two lines of code that are actually changing the cursor position are as follows:

language:cpp
OpenLCD.write(254); //Send command character
OpenLCD.write(128 + 64 + 9); //Change the position (128) of the cursor to 2nd row (64), position 9 (9)

The example sets the cursor to the second row, position 9. To set the cursor to the first row, position 0, the command would look like this:

language:cpp
OpenLCD.write(254); //Send command character
OpenLCD.write(128 + 0 + 0); //Change the position (128) of the cursor to 1st row (0), position 0 (0)

Use the following tables to see row commands and available positions:

16 Character Displays
Line Number (command) Viewable Cursor Positions
1 (0) 0-15
2 (64) 0-15
20 Character Displays
Line Number (command) Viewable Cursor Positions
1 (0) 0-19
2 (64) 0-19
3 (20) 0-19
4 (84) 0-19

Setting Up the LCD Size

You should never need to send any screen size configuration commands to setup these screens. During setup(), the firmware looks at a specific pin that is either left floating or tied high. From this it can determine which screen size it is populated on (16x2 or 20x4). However, the commands are still available for manually setting the width and lines.

ASCII DEC HEX Description
'|' 124 0x7C Enter Settings Mode
ctrl+c 3 0x03 Change width to 20
ctrl+d 4 0x04 Change width to 16
ctrl+e 5 0x05 Change lines to 4
ctrl+f 6 0x06 Change lines to 2
ctrl+g 7 0x07 Change lines to 1

Changing the Baud Rate

The screens ship out with a default baud rate setting to 9600 baud, but they can be set to a variety of baud rates. The 11.0592 MHz crystal provides greater clock accuracy and allows for baud rates up to 1MHz!

To change the baud rate, you will need to send two commands: First, send the "|" command to enter settings mode. Second, send the desired baud rate command. (For example, to set it to 57600, you'd send |, then Ctrl + q)

Here is a table will all of the available baud rate settings commands:

ASCII DEC HEX Description
'|' 124 0x7C Enter Settings Mode
ctrl+k 11 0x0B Change baud to 2400bps
ctrl+l 12 0x0C Change baud to 4800bps
ctrl+m 13 0x0D Change baud to 9600bps
ctrl+n 14 0x0E Change baud to 14400bps
ctrl+o 15 0x0F Change baud to 19200bps
ctrl+p 16 0x10 Change baud to 38400bps
ctrl+q 17 0x11 Change baud to 57600bps
ctrl+r 18 0x12 Change baud to 115200bps
ctrl+s 19 0x13 Change baud to 230400bps
ctrl+t 20 0x14 Change baud to 460800bps
ctrl+u 21 0x15 Change baud to 921600bps
ctrl+v 22 0x16 Change baud to 1000000bps

OpenLCD Baud Rate Command Set

If your screen enters into an unknown state or you otherwise can't communicate with it, try sending a Ctrl + r (0x12) character at 9600 baud while the splash screen is active (during the first 500 ms of boot-up) and the unit will reset to 9600 baud.

Backlight Brightness

These screens provide you with control of the backlight to one of 30 different brightness levels on each of the colors (Red, Green and Blue). With this, you can mix colors together to get almost any custom color you'd like. This is also handy when power consumption of the unit must be minimized. By reducing the brightness, the overall backlight current consumption is reduced.

To change the backlight brightness, you will need to send two commands: First, send the "|" command to enter settings mode. Second, send a number that corresponds to the color and brightness you'd like to set. (For example, to set the Green backlight to 100%, you'd send |, then 187). For some good example code on how to adjust any and all of the colors, check out the example sketch here or copy and paste the code below into your Arduino IDE:

language:cpp
/*
 OpenLCD is an LCD with serial/I2C/SPI interfaces.
 By: Nathan Seidle
 SparkFun Electronics
 Date: April 19th, 2015
 License: This code is public domain but you buy me a beer if you use this and we meet someday (Beerware license).
 OpenLCD gives the user multiple interfaces (serial, I2C, and SPI) to control an LCD. SerLCD was the original
 serial LCD from SparkFun that ran on the PIC 16F88 with only a serial interface and limited feature set.
 This is an updated serial LCD.

 This example shows how to change the backlight brightness. We assume the module is currently at default 9600bps.
 We use software serial because if OpenLCD is attached to an Arduino's hardware serial port during bootloading 
 it can cause problems for both devices.
 Note: If OpenLCD gets into an unknown state or you otherwise can't communicate with it send 18 (0x12 or ctrl+r) 
 at 9600 baud while the splash screen is active and the unit will reset to 9600 baud.
 Emergency reset: If you get OpenLCD stuck into an unknown baud rate, unknown I2C address, etc, there is a 
 safety mechanism built-in. Tie the RX pin to ground and power up OpenLCD. You should see the splash screen 
 then "System reset Power cycle me" and the backlight will begin to blink. Now power down OpenLCD and remove 
 the RX/GND jumper. OpenLCD is now reset to 9600bps with a I2C address of 0x72. Note: This feature can be 
 disabled if necessary. See *Ignore Emergency Reset* for more information.
 To get this code to work, attached an OpenLCD to an Arduino Uno using the following pins:
 RX (OpenLCD) to Pin 7 (Arduino)
 VIN to 5V
 GND to GND

 Command cheat sheet:
 ASCII / DEC / HEX
 '|'    / 124 / 0x7C - Put into setting mode
 Ctrl+c / 3 / 0x03 - Change width to 20
 Ctrl+d / 4 / 0x04 - Change width to 16
 Ctrl+e / 5 / 0x05 - Change lines to 4
 Ctrl+f / 6 / 0x06 - Change lines to 2
 Ctrl+g / 7 / 0x07 - Change lines to 1
 Ctrl+h / 8 / 0x08 - Software reset of the system
 Ctrl+i / 9 / 0x09 - Enable/disable splash screen
 Ctrl+j / 10 / 0x0A - Save currently displayed text as splash
 Ctrl+k / 11 / 0x0B - Change baud to 2400bps
 Ctrl+l / 12 / 0x0C - Change baud to 4800bps
 Ctrl+m / 13 / 0x0D - Change baud to 9600bps
 Ctrl+n / 14 / 0x0E - Change baud to 14400bps
 Ctrl+o / 15 / 0x0F - Change baud to 19200bps
 Ctrl+p / 16 / 0x10 - Change baud to 38400bps
 Ctrl+q / 17 / 0x11 - Change baud to 57600bps
 Ctrl+r / 18 / 0x12 - Change baud to 115200bps
 Ctrl+s / 19 / 0x13 - Change baud to 230400bps
 Ctrl+t / 20 / 0x14 - Change baud to 460800bps
 Ctrl+u / 21 / 0x15 - Change baud to 921600bps
 Ctrl+v / 22 / 0x16 - Change baud to 1000000bps
 Ctrl+w / 23 / 0x17 - Change baud to 1200bps
 Ctrl+x / 24 / 0x18 - Change the contrast. Follow Ctrl+x with number 0 to 255. 120 is default.
 Ctrl+y / 25 / 0x19 - Change the TWI address. Follow Ctrl+x with number 0 to 255. 114 (0x72) is default.
 Ctrl+z / 26 / 0x1A - Enable/disable ignore RX pin on startup (ignore emergency reset)
 '-'    / 45 / 0x2D - Clear display. Move cursor to home position.
        / 128-157 / 0x80-0x9D - Set the primary backlight brightness. 128 = Off, 157 = 100%.
        / 158-187 / 0x9E-0xBB - Set the green backlight brightness. 158 = Off, 187 = 100%.
        / 188-217 / 0xBC-0xD9 - Set the blue backlight brightness. 188 = Off, 217 = 100%.

 For example, to change the baud rate to 115200 send 124 followed by 18.
*/

#include <SoftwareSerial.h>

SoftwareSerial OpenLCD(6, 7); //RX (not used), TX

byte counter = 0;

void setup()
{
  Serial.begin(9600); //Begin local communication for debug statements

  OpenLCD.begin(9600); //Begin communication with OpenLCD

  OpenLCD.write('|'); //Put LCD into setting mode
  OpenLCD.write(158 + 0); //Set green backlight amount to 0%

  OpenLCD.write('|'); //Put LCD into setting mode
  OpenLCD.write(188 + 0); //Set blue backlight amount to 0%
}

void loop()
{
  //Control red backlight
  Serial.println("Mono/Red backlight set to 0%");
  OpenLCD.write('|'); //Put LCD into setting mode
  OpenLCD.write(128); //Set white/red backlight amount to 0%

  delay(2000);

  //Control red backlight
  Serial.println("Mono/Red backlight set to 51%");
  OpenLCD.write('|'); //Put LCD into setting mode
  OpenLCD.write(128 + 15); //Set white/red backlight amount to 51%

  delay(2000);

  //Control red backlight
  Serial.println("Mono/Red backlight set to 100%");
  OpenLCD.write('|'); //Put LCD into setting mode
  OpenLCD.write(128 + 29); //Set white/red backlight amount to 100%

  delay(2000);

  //The following green and blue backlight control only apply if you have an RGB backlight enabled LCD

  all_off(); // turn off all backlights - see function below

  //Control green backlight
  Serial.println("Green backlight set to 51%");
  OpenLCD.write('|'); //Put LCD into setting mode
  OpenLCD.write(158 + 15); //Set green backlight amount to 51%

  delay(2000);

  //Control green backlight
  Serial.println("Green backlight set to 100%");
  OpenLCD.write('|'); //Put LCD into setting mode
  OpenLCD.write(158 + 29); //Set green backlight amount to 100%

  delay(2000);

  all_off(); // turn off all backlights - see function below

  //Control blue backlight
  Serial.println("Blue backlight set to 51%");
  OpenLCD.write('|'); //Put LCD into setting mode
  OpenLCD.write(188 + 15); //Set blue backlight amount to 51%

  delay(2000);

  //Control blue backlight
  Serial.println("Blue backlight set to 100%");
  OpenLCD.write('|'); //Put LCD into setting mode
  OpenLCD.write(188 + 29); //Set blue backlight amount to 100%

  delay(2000);

  all_off(); // turn off all backlights - see function below  

}

void all_off(void)
{
  // Set all colors to 0

  OpenLCD.write('|'); //Put LCD into setting mode
  OpenLCD.write(128); //Set white/red backlight amount to 0%    

  OpenLCD.write('|'); //Put LCD into setting mode
  OpenLCD.write(158 + 0); //Set green backlight amount to 0%

  OpenLCD.write('|'); //Put LCD into setting mode
  OpenLCD.write(188 + 0); //Set blue backlight amount to 0%

  delay(2000);  
}

And here is a table showing all of the available backlight settings and commands:

ASCII DEC HEX Description
n/a 128-157 0x80-0x9D Set the primary backlight brightness. 128 = Off, 157 = 100%.
n/a 158-187 0x9E-0xBB Set the green backlight brightness. 158 = Off, 187 = 100%.
n/a 188-217 0xBC-0xD9 Set the blue backlight brightness. 188 = Off, 217 = 100%.

OpenLCD Backlight Command Set

Splash Screen

These LCD screens have a splash screen by default that reads "SparkFun OpenLCD Baud:9600". This splash screen verifies that the unit is powered, working correctly, and that the connection to the LCD is correct. The splash screen is displayed for 500 ms during boot-up and may be turned off if desired.

Setting Splash Screen

Default Splash Screen showing SparkFun OpenLCD Baud:9600 vs custom Splash screen showing Custom Splash Looking Good!

To make a custom splash screen, you need to send the characters you want to display (above we sent the characters "Custom Splash Looking good!") followed by |, then Ctrl + j). You will see a quick pop-up message display "Flash Recorded". Cycle power to test. You can also try out the example sketch located in the GitHub repo or copy and paste the code below into your Arduino IDE:

language:cpp
/*
 OpenLCD is an LCD with serial/I2C/SPI interfaces.
 By: Nathan Seidle, Pete Lewis
 SparkFun Electronics
 Date: 7/26/2018
 License: This code is public domain but you buy me a beer if you use this and we meet someday (Beerware license).
 OpenLCD gives the user multiple interfaces (serial, I2C, and SPI) to control an LCD. SerLCD was the original
 serial LCD from SparkFun that ran on the PIC 16F88 with only a serial interface and limited feature set.
 This is an updated serial LCD.

 This example shows how to change the Splash Screen contents. We assume the module is currently at default 9600bps.
 We use software serial because if OpenLCD is attached to an Arduino's hardware serial port during bootloading 
 it can cause problems for both devices.
 Note: If OpenLCD gets into an unknown state or you otherwise can't communicate with it send 18 (0x12 or ctrl+r) 
 at 9600 baud while the splash screen is active and the unit will reset to 9600 baud.
 Emergency reset: If you get OpenLCD stuck into an unknown baud rate, unknown I2C address, etc, there is a 
 safety mechanism built-in. Tie the RX pin to ground and power up OpenLCD. You should see the splash screen 
 then "System reset Power cycle me" and the backlight will begin to blink. Now power down OpenLCD and remove 
 the RX/GND jumper. OpenLCD is now reset to 9600bps with a I2C address of 0x72. Note: This feature can be 
 disabled if necessary. See *Ignore Emergency Reset* for more information.
 To get this code to work, attached an OpenLCD to an Arduino Uno using the following pins:
 RX (OpenLCD) to Pin 7 (Arduino)
 VIN to 5V
 GND to GND

 Command cheat sheet:
 ASCII / DEC / HEX
 '|'    / 124 / 0x7C - Put into setting mode
 Ctrl+c / 3 / 0x03 - Change width to 20
 Ctrl+d / 4 / 0x04 - Change width to 16
 Ctrl+e / 5 / 0x05 - Change lines to 4
 Ctrl+f / 6 / 0x06 - Change lines to 2
 Ctrl+g / 7 / 0x07 - Change lines to 1
 Ctrl+h / 8 / 0x08 - Software reset of the system
 Ctrl+i / 9 / 0x09 - Enable/disable splash screen
 Ctrl+j / 10 / 0x0A - Save currently displayed text as splash
 Ctrl+k / 11 / 0x0B - Change baud to 2400bps
 Ctrl+l / 12 / 0x0C - Change baud to 4800bps
 Ctrl+m / 13 / 0x0D - Change baud to 9600bps
 Ctrl+n / 14 / 0x0E - Change baud to 14400bps
 Ctrl+o / 15 / 0x0F - Change baud to 19200bps
 Ctrl+p / 16 / 0x10 - Change baud to 38400bps
 Ctrl+q / 17 / 0x11 - Change baud to 57600bps
 Ctrl+r / 18 / 0x12 - Change baud to 115200bps
 Ctrl+s / 19 / 0x13 - Change baud to 230400bps
 Ctrl+t / 20 / 0x14 - Change baud to 460800bps
 Ctrl+u / 21 / 0x15 - Change baud to 921600bps
 Ctrl+v / 22 / 0x16 - Change baud to 1000000bps
 Ctrl+w / 23 / 0x17 - Change baud to 1200bps
 Ctrl+x / 24 / 0x18 - Change the contrast. Follow Ctrl+x with number 0 to 255. 120 is default.
 Ctrl+y / 25 / 0x19 - Change the TWI address. Follow Ctrl+x with number 0 to 255. 114 (0x72) is default.
 Ctrl+z / 26 / 0x1A - Enable/disable ignore RX pin on startup (ignore emergency reset)
 '-'    / 45 / 0x2D - Clear display. Move cursor to home position.
        / 128-157 / 0x80-0x9D - Set the primary backlight brightness. 128 = Off, 157 = 100%.
        / 158-187 / 0x9E-0xBB - Set the green backlight brightness. 158 = Off, 187 = 100%.
        / 188-217 / 0xBC-0xD9 - Set the blue backlight brightness. 188 = Off, 217 = 100%.

 For example, to change the baud rate to 115200 send 124 followed by 18.
*/

#include <SoftwareSerial.h>

SoftwareSerial OpenLCD(6, 7); //RX (not used), TX

void setup()
{
  Serial.begin(9600); //Begin local communication for debug statements

  OpenLCD.begin(9600); //Begin communication with OpenLCD

  delay(1000);

  OpenLCD.write('|'); //Put LCD into setting mode
  OpenLCD.write('-'); // clear screen

  delay(1000);

  OpenLCD.print("Custom Splash   Looking good!"); // Send our new content to display - this will soon become our new splash screen.

  OpenLCD.write('|'); //Put LCD into setting mode
  OpenLCD.write(10); //Set current contents to splash screen memory (this is also a "ctrl-j", if you are doing it manually)

}

void loop()
{
  // nothing here, just doing this example in setup()
}

Turning Splash Screen On/Off

To disable the splash screen, send |, then Ctrl + i. Every time this command is sent to the unit, the splash screen display option will toggle. If the splash screen is currently being displayed, sending |, then Ctrl + i will disable the splash screen during the next boot, and sending |, then Ctrl + i characters again will enable the splash screen.