SparkFun Photodetector (MAX30101) Hookup Guide

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Hardware Overview

Dimensions

The Qwiic Photodetector Sensor is laid out on the standardized 1" x 1" (2.54 x 2.54 cm) Qwiic breakout board and includes the standard four 0.13" mounting holes, which are compatible with M3 screws.

Board Dimensions
Board layout. (Click to enlarge)

Power LED

There is a power status LED to help make sure that your Qwiic Photodetector Sensor is getting power. You can power the board either through the polarized Qwiic connector system or the breakout pins (3.3V and GND) provided. The Qwiic system is meant to run on 3.3V, be sure that you are NOT using another voltage when using the Qwiic system. A jumper is available on the back of the board to remove power to the LED for low-power applications (see Jumpers section below).

Power LED
Power LED. (Click to enlarge)

MAX30101

The MAX30101 includes three LEDs and an optical detector in a single package. Behind the window on the left, are red, green, and IR LEDs. While behind the window on the right, is a highly sensitive photon detector.

Close up photo of the MAX30101 sensor
Close up of the MAX30101 sensor. (Click to enlarge)

The working principle of the sensor is that the optical detector measures the changes in the reflected light that was emitted from the LEDs. This is great for various application like detecting particles or for photoplethysmography.

MAX30101 Sensor
MAX30101 sensor. (Click to enlarge)

(*For more details on the MAX30101, users can check out the datasheet.)

Characteristic Description
Power Supply Voltage: 1.7 - 2.0V
Supply Cuurent: 0.6 - 1.1mA
LED Driver:
  • Red/IR: 3.1-5V
  • Green: 4.5 - 5.5V
ADC Resolution: 18-bits (65536 Counts)
LEDs
Wavelength:
  • IR: 870 - 900nm
  • Red: 650 - 670nm
  • Green 530 - 545nm
Power:
  • IR: 6.5mW
  • Red: 9.8mW
  • Green 17.2mW
Photodetector Spectral Range: 640 - 980nm
Temperature Sensor Range: -40 - 85°C
Accuracy: ±1°C
I2C Address 0x57

Application Notes

Note: Particle detection, heart rate measurement, and photoplethysmography (for pulse oximetry) are applications of the MAX30101. These applications are detailed in the notes below; however, they require an understanding of the operating principles of the sensor and a conceptual knowledge of the application(s). Although, we provided the information below for interested users and may provide some examples of the application in our software; these applications are, unfortunately, not supported by SparkFun and the examples are primarily for demonstration purposes only.

Here are additional resources on how the MAX30101 functions for HR detection and pulse oximetry:

For more information on particulate matter and their detection, check out these resources:

Maxim's Original Firmware for the MAX30102 adapted in our Arduino Library:

Qwiic and I2C

I2C Address

The Qwiic Photodetector Sensor’s I2C address, 0x57, is factory set.

Qwiic Connectors

The simplest way to use the Qwiic Photodetector Sensor is through the Qwiic connect system. The connectors are polarized for the I2C connection and power. (*They are tied to the corresponding power and I2C breakout pins.)

Qwiic connectors
Qwiic connectors.

Breakout Pins

The board also provides six labeled breakout pins. You can connect these lines to the I2C bus of your microcontroller and power pins (3.3V and GND), if it doesn't have a Qwiic connector. The interrupt pin is also broken out to use for triggered events.

Breakout Pins
I2C Connections- The pins are tied to the Qwiic connectors.

Interrupt Pin

The interrupt pins (active high) are used to indicate various states of the ADXL313, depending on how they are configured and if they are enabled. The INT pins are pulled down with a 4.7kΩ resistor.

Jumpers

There are three jumpers on the board. Not sure how to cut a jumper? Read here!

Power LED

Cutting the LED jumper will remove the 1kΩ resistors and PWR LED from the 3.3V power. This is useful for low power applications

power LED jumper
Power LED jumper. (Click to enlarge)

I2C Pull-Up

Cutting the I2C jumper will remove the 2.2kΩ pull-up resistors from the I2C bus. If you have many devices on your I2C bus you may want to remove these jumpers. Be aware that these resistors are also part of the transistor logic level shifting circuit.

I2C jumper
I2C pull-up resistor jumper. (Click to enlarge)

Interrupt Pull-up

Cutting the INT jumper will remove the 4.7kΩ pull-up resistors from the interrupt pin.

interrupt jumper
Interrupt pull-up resistor jumper. (Click to enlarge)