RFM69HCW Hookup Guide

Contributors: MikeGrusin
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Introducing the RFM69

The RFM69HCW is an inexpensive and versatile radio module. You can use it to send text or binary data between two or hundreds of modules. It’s perfect for building inexpensive short-range wireless networks for home automation, citizen science, and more.


The RFM69HCW comes in two flavors of frequency, the 915 MHz version and the 434 MHz version.

Interface and Example Code

The RFM69HCW can’t do anything by itself; it needs to be connected to a microcontroller such as an Arduino. The RFM69HCW uses a four-wire Synchronous Peripheral Interface (SPI) plus an interrupt line. Most microcontrollers, including the Arduino, offer an SPI interface.

Felix Rusu of LowPowerLab has written an excellent Arduino library for the RFM69 that handles the details of setting up the module and sending and receiving data. This guide will cover interfacing the RFM69HCW to an Arduino microcontroller using this library.

If you’re using a different microcontroller, the information here plus the datasheet and the library source code should help get you up and running. (If you write example code for another system, we’ll be glad to add it to the code repository).

Required Materials

In this tutorial we’ll show you how to get two modules talking to each other, but keep in mind that you can use more than two modules in your projects.

Here’s what you’ll need:

Suggested Reading

We recommend you be familiar with the following topics before working with the RFM69HCW. If you’d like to brush up on any of these things, follow the links and come back when you’re done.