9DoF Sensor Stick Hookup Guide
The 9DoF Sensor Stick is an easy-to-use 9 degrees of freedom IMU. The sensor used is the LSM9DS1, the same sensor used in the SparkFun 9 Degrees of Freedom IMU Breakout, but is slimmed down to be only 0.9"x0.4".
To follow along with this hookup guide, you will need the following:
Before getting started, you may find the following links useful:
Installing an Arduino Library
How to Use a Breadboard
Let's go over the 9DoF Sensor Stick in detail.
- 3 acceleration channels, 3 angular rate channels, 3 magnetic field channels
- ±2/±4/±8/±16 g linear acceleration full scale
- ±4/±8/±12/±16 gauss magnetic full scale
- ±245/±500/±2000 dps angular rate full scale
- I2C serial interface
- Operating Voltage: 3.3V
This breakout board has built-in 4.7 kΩ pull up resistors for I2C communications. If you're hooking up multiple I2C devices on the same bus, you may want to disable/enable the pull-up resistors for one or more boards. On the 9DoF Sensor Stick, the pull-ups are enabled by default. To disable them, simply use a hobby knife to cut the traces connecting the left and right pads of the jumper labeled I2C PU on the back of the board. This will disconnect the resistors on the I2C bus from VCC.
Changing I2C Addresses
If you're using multiple Sensor Sticks, or have a device that's already using the default addresses of the Sensor Stick, you'll want to change addresses to avoid having multiple devices try to talk over one another. The default address for the magnetometer is 0x1E and the default address for the accelerometer and gyroscope is 0x6B. To change the addresses, you'll want to use a hobby knife to cut the trace between center and top pads and use solder to short the center and bottom pads. This will change the address of the magnetometer to 0x1C and the accelerometer and gyroscope to 0x6A.
Connecting the 9DoF Sensor Stick to an Arduino
This board runs on 1.9V to 3.6V. Be sure to power the board from the 3.3V pin! I2C uses an open drain signaling, so there is no need to use level shifting; the 3.3V signal will work to communicate with the Arduino and will not exceed the maximum voltage rating of the pins on the LSM9DS1.
Connections to the Arduino
The 9DoF Sensor Stick has only four pins. We'll be connecting VCC and GND to the normal power pins, and the remaining two pins are used for I2C communication. If you're using a newer board that has SDA and SCL broken out, you can connect the SDA and SCL pins from the Sensor Stick directly to those pins. If you're using an older board, SDA and SCL are pins A4 and A5 respectively.
- VCC → 3.3V
- GND → GND
- SDA → SDA/A4
- SCL → SCL/A5
Your circuit should look something like this:
Installing the Arduino Library
We've written a full-featured Arduino library to help make interfacing with the LSM9DS1's gyro, accelerometer, and magnetometer as easy-as-possible. Visit the GitHub repository to download the most recent version of the library, or click the link below:
For help installing the library, check out our How To Install An Arduino Library tutorial. You need to move the SparkFun_LSM9DS1_Arduino_Library folder into a libraries folder within your Arduino sketchbook or use the Library Manger to install.
The LSM9DS1_Basic_I2C Example
To verify that your hookup works, load up the LSM9DS1_Basic_I2C example by going to File > Examples > LSM9DS1 Breakout > LSM9DS1_Basic_I2C.
The default values set by this sketch should work for a fresh, out-of-the-box 9DoF Sensor Stick -- it assumes both of the address jumpers haven't been modified. Upload the sketch, then open up your serial monitor, setting the baud rate to 115200. You should see something like this:
The current reading from each axis on each sensor is printed out, then those values are used to estimate the sensor's orientation. Pitch is the angle rotated around the y-axis, roll is the board's rotation around the x-axis, and heading (i.e. yaw) is the sensor's rotation around the z-axis. Try rotating the board (without pulling out any wires!) to see how the values change.
Resources and Going Further
For more information about the 9DoF Sensor Stick, check out the links below:
- Schematic (PDF)
- Eagle Files (ZIP)
- LSM9DS1 Datasheet (PDF) -- This datasheet covers everything from the hardware and pinout of the IC, to the register mapping of the gyroscope and accelerometer/magnetometer.
- GitHub Repos
- SparkFun Product Showcase: SparkFun 9DoF Sensor Stick
Now that you've got the Sensor Stick up-and-running, what project are you going to incorporate motion-sensing into? Need a little inspiration? Check out some of these tutorials!
- Dungeons and Dragons Dice Gauntlet -- This project uses an accelerometer to sense a "rolling the dice" motion. You could swap in the LSM9DS1 to add more functionality -- like compass-based damage multipliers!
- Are You Okay? Widget -- Use an Electric Imp and accelerometer to create an "Are You OK" widget. A cozy piece of technology your friend or loved one can nudge to let you know they're OK from half-a-world away.
- Leap Motion Teardown -- An IMU sensor is cool, but image-based motion sensing is the future. Check out this teardown of the miniature-Kinect-like Leap Motion!