Graph Sensor Data with Python and Matplotlib

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Contributors: Shawn Hymel
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Prepare Your Pi

To begin, you will need to flash an image of the Raspbian operating system (OS) onto an SD card (if you have not done so already). You have a couple of options:

  • In the Python Programming Tutorial, follow the Install the OS section, making sure to go with the Full Desktop Setup

OR

Once you have installed the OS for your Raspberry Pi, follow the steps in Configure Your Pi. If given the choice, choose the steps that relate to the Full Desktop setup.

Alias Python and Pip

We will be using Python 3 in this tutorial. At the time of writing, Python 2 was still the default version with Raspbian, which means that we will need to tell Linux that the command python should execute Python version 3.

Note: If you have already performed these steps in the Configure Your Pi portion previously, feel free to skip this part.

Open a terminal and enter the following command to edit the .bashrc file:

language:shell
nano ~/.bashrc

Scroll down to the bottom of the file, and add the following (if they are not already present):

language:shell
alias python='/usr/bin/python3'
alias pip=pip3

Aliasing Python and Pip

Exit out of nano with ctrl+x, press y, and press enter. Run the .bashrc script with:

language:shell
source ~/.bashrc

You can check the versions of Python and pip with:

language:shell
python --version
pip --version

Both should tell you the they are using a version of Python 3 (e.g. 3.5.3).

Enable I2C

By default, Raspbian disables the I2C port, which we'll need to talk to the TMP102.

Note: If you have already performed these steps in the Configure Your Pi portion previously, feel free to skip this part.

Bring up the Raspberry Pi configuration menu:

language:shell
sudo raspi-config

If asked to enter a password, type in the password you set for your Raspberry Pi. If you did not change it, the default password is raspberry.

Raspberry Pi config tool

Select 5 Interfacing Options.

Enable I2C on the Raspberry Pi

Select P5 I2C, select yes on the following screen, and press enter to enable the I2C port.

Back on the main screen, highlight Finish and press enter. A reboot is not necessary if you did not change any other options.

Install Dependencies

Like any good Linux project, we need to install a number of dependencies and libraries in order to get matplotlib to run properly. Make sure you have an Internet connection and in a terminal, enter the following commands. You may need to wait several minutes while the various packages are downloaded and installed.

language:shell
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install libatlas3-base libffi-dev at-spi2-core python3-gi-cairo
pip install cairocffi
pip install matplotlib

You are now ready to build your circuit and make some graphs!