Interactive Smart Mirror

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Contributors: ShawnHymel
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Introduction

In a recent episode of The Fellowship of the Things, we constructed a smart mirror that displays weather data discreetly in the lower right corner. The idea is that while you performed morning tasks like brushing your teeth, putting on makeup, shaving, etc., you could glance at the weather for the day.

Interactive smart mirror with the Edison

While the idea of sticking an LCD behind a one-way mirror is nothing new, we wanted to make ours more interactive. This version of the smart mirror uses an APDS-9960 Gesture Sensor so you can simply wave your hand to change the display.

Required Materials

For this build, you will need some electronics:

Additionally, you will need the following:

Suggested Reading

Before getting started, you may find some of the tutorials below helpful.

Hardware Hookup

Prepare the APDS-9960

Solder headers to the APDS-9960 board.

Headers on the APDS-9960 board

Because we cannot keep the APDS-9960 on the inside of the shadowbox (the IR light does not pass through the window very well), we recommend painting the sensor board to match the shadowbox frame. This part is optional; you don’t have to paint the board if you don’t want to.

If you want to paint the board, first cover the sensor with a small piece of electrical or masking tape.

Masking off the APDS-9960

Carefully apply some spray paint to the board and remove the tape.

Painted APDS-9960

Make the Block Stack

Using the Edison Hardware Pack, attach the Edison to the Base Block.

Edison screwed to the Base Block

Attach the Base Block to the Pi Block. Secure them in place using screws and standoffs.

Edison stack with the Pi Block

Make the Connections

Any ILI9341-controlled LCD should work. If you use the Adafruit 2.4" LCD, you will need to solder the following jumpers on the back of the board closed: IM1, IM2, and IM3 (these allow us to communicate to the LCD via SPI).

Soldered jumpers on the LCD`

Using about 6 inches of wire, solder the LCD to the Pi Block. Cut and strip the ends off 4 female jumper wires and solder the bare ends to the Pi Block. Refer to the Fritzing diagram on where to make the connections:

alt text

You should have the female ends of the jumper wires available to plug into the APDS-9960.

Soldered wires into the Edison Block stack

Assemble the Mirror

Attach the Film

Follow the directions in the window film installation kit to carefully spray, cut, and adhere the film to the inside of the shadowbox’s window.

Applying the film to the shadowbox window

Attach the Inside Electronics

Choose in which corner you want the LCD to go (we chose bottom-right). We recommend putting a few sheets of Styrofoam, wood, etc. to push the LCD up against the window when closed. We also wrapped the Styrofoam with electrical tape to hide the white color.

Foam inside the shadowbox

You can attach the Edison Block stack and LCD using screws, nails, etc. We used pins so we could move the LCD around if we wanted (also, our shadowbox has a soft foam backing). For now, leave the APDS-9960 hanging out of the shadowbox.

Pinning the electronics to the shadowbox

Note that we will wait to attach the APDS-9960 until the Edison has been programmed.

Line the Window with Backing

Since we plan to have cables coming out of the shadowbox, we want to try and prevent as much light as possible from getting through to the window (with the exception of the LCD).

Cut a piece of cardboard (or other opaque material) to cover the shadowbox’s window. From that, cut out the section where the LCD will poke through.

Adding cardboard backing to the shadowbox window

The cardboard can be attached with tape, if you so desire.

Install UPM Modules

Flash and Configure the Edison

If this is your first time using the Edison, it is recommended that you update to the latest firmware and connect to WiFi.

Build MRAA

MRAA is Intel’s set of libraries used to control the low-level hardware. Because UPM relies on MRAA, we need to install it first.

Connect to the Edison over a Serial Terminal or SSH. Once logged in, enter the following commands to download MRAA:

wget https://github.com/intel-iot-devkit/mraa/archive/master.zip
unzip master.zip
mv mraa-master mraa

Then, build MRAA with:

cd mraa
mkdir build
cd build
cmake ..
make

Install the newly built libraries, and update the pkg-config path, which is needed by UPM.

make install
export PKG_CONFIG_PATH=$PKG_CONFIG_PATH:/usr/local/lib/pkgconfig

Build ili9341 and apds9960 in UPM

Next, we need to download a custom version of UPM and install the ili9341 and apds9960 modules.

NOTE: The APDS-9960 module in this branch of UPM is very experimental and thus quite buggy. If I can get it to be stable, I might request it to be merged with Intel's UPM library.
cd ~
wget https://github.com/ShawnHymel/upm/archive/smartmirror.zip
unzip smartmirror.zip
mv upm-smartmirror upm

Prepare to build:

cd upm
mkdir build
cd build
cmake ..

Build and install the ili9341 module:

make ili9341
cd src/ili9341
make install

Build and install the apds9960 module:

cd ../..
make apds9960
cd src/apds9960
make install

Other Dependencies

With the UPM modules installed, we can work on writing the actual code. That does mean we need to install a few more dependencies, though.

Other Node Libraries

We need one more library for our code. Luckily, we can install it through npm:

cd ~
npm install xml2js

NTP

We will want our Edison system time to be up-to-date. To do that, we will rely on an NTP service to regularly poll an Internet-connected server for the most accurate time.

Open the package manager file with:

vi /etc/opkg/base-feeds.conf

Press ‘i’ to start typing, and enter the following:

src/gz all http://repo.opkg.net/edison/repo/all
src/gz edison http://repo.opkg.net/edison/repo/edison
src/gz core2-32 http://repo.opkg.net/edison/repo/core2-32

Press ‘esc’, and enter ‘:wq’ to save and exit. Update the package manager, and install the NTP client:

opkg update
opkg install ntp

Configure the NTP client:

vi /etc/ntp.conf

Find the line that says “server 127.127.1.0” and change it to (press ‘i’ to edit):

server pool.ntp.org

Your file should look like this:

Configure NTP client

Save and exit (‘esc’ and ‘:wq’). Next, we want to adjust our system’s local time to our timezone. Since I am in Mountain Standard Time, I’m going to use MST. We do this by creating a symbolic link /etc/localtime that points to the timezone we want in /usr/share/zoneinfo/ (note that I’m using MST for my timezone).

rm /etc/localtime
ln -s /usr/share/zoneinfo/MST /etc/localtime

When we’re done, reboot:

reboot

You can check your timezone by entering the command:

date

This should print out the date, time, and timezone.

Checking timezone in Linux

Configure OpenWeatherMap

We will be using OpenWeatherMap for our weather data, as it offers good hourly forecast data. In your browser, navigate to OpenWeatherMap’s sign up page. Enter your credentials to make an account. Once you have logged in, scroll down on your profile page, and copy down your API key.

OpenWeatherMap API key

Find Your Location

We also need to find our location so we can pass that to OpenWeatherMap. Open up Google Maps, and place a marker at the location where you want to get weather data (left-click on the map). A pop-up note will appear with the latitude and longitude data.

Using Google Maps to get latitude and longitude

Copy down those two numbers as well. We’ll need them.

The Code

Download the smart mirror code and unzip it:

rm master.zip
wget https://github.com/sparkfun/IoT_SmartMirror/archive/master.zip
unzip master.zip
mv IoT_SmartMirror-master IoT_SmartMirror

Edit the smartmirror.js file:

cd IoT_SmartMirror
vi smartmirror.js

Find the OPENWEATHER_API_KEY and change it to your API key. Additionally, change the LATITUDE and LONGITUDE variables to reflect your location (don’t forget to press ‘i’ to edit text).

Updating smartmirror.js

When you are finished, press ‘esc’ and enter ‘:wq’ to save and exit. Now, we can run the smart mirror code!

export NODE_PATH=$NODE_PATH:/usr/local/lib/node_modules/
node smartmirror.js

This should cause the mirror to (slowly) refresh and begin displaying weather data (make sure nothing is blocking the APDS-9960’s sensor when you run the program). Press ‘ctrl+c’ to stop the code. Now that we know it works, it’s time to configure the Edison so that our program starts on boot.

Run at Boot

Since we want to plug in the smart mirror and have it automatically start running our script, we need to create a service that starts the script on boot. Luckily, the IoT_SmartMirror project we downloaded already has a service already written for us!

Copy the smartmirror.service file to /lib/systemd/system/:

cd ~/IoT_SmartMirror-master
cp smartmirror.service /lib/systemd/system/
systemctl daemon-reload
systemctl enable smartmirror.service

Now, you can shutdown the Edison:

shutdown

Next time you boot it up, it should start displaying weather data!

Button It Up

Attach the Power Source

Since we don’t want to keep the Edison plugged into the computer, we will use the wall adapter instead. Unplug the USB cable from the Base Block and plug the USB wall adapter into the Pi Block’s USB port (this will provide 5V to the LCD, making it brighter).

Powering the smart mirror

Before you close the shadowbox, now is a good time to make sure the Smart Mirror is working. Wait for the Edison to boot up, and the screen should refresh black (again, make sure nothing is blocking the APDS-9960 sensor). In a moment, the Edison should gather weather data and display it on the screen.

Checking the LCD

Close the Box and Attach the Gesture Sensor

Carefully close the shadowbox, and make sure the APDS-9960 is on the outside. Attach the APDS-9960 to the shadowbox’s frame with screws or foam tape.

Mounting the APDS-9960

Mount the Smart Mirror

Find a place you want to hang or hold your new smart mirror, preferably near an outlet. Plug it in, and wait for the weather update.

Smart mirror resting on a table

Once the current weather data has appeared on screen, slowly swipe your hand left or right across the sensor to change the information to the hourly forecast.

Interacting with the smart mirror

Resources and Going Further

You now have your very own interactive smart mirror! Feel free to modify the code to display other information. Can you get news headlines to show up?

Resources

Check out some of our other Edison tutorials:

Programming the IntelĀ® Edison: Beyond the Arduino IDE

Intel's Edison module goes beyond being just another Arduino clone. Check this tutorial for advice on how to get the most out of your Edison by writing code in C++!

Loading Debian (Ubilinux) on the Edison

How to load a Debian distribution (specifically Ubilinux) onto the Edison.

SparkFun Inventor's Kit for Edison Experiment Guide

Learn how to harness the power of the IntelĀ® Edison using JavaScript to post data to the cloud, control electronics from smartphones, and host web pages that interact with circuits.