SparkFun GPS Dead Reckoning NEO-M8U Hookup Guide

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Hardware Overview

Power

Power for this board is 3.3V and we have provided multiple power options. This first and most obvious is the USB-C connector. Secondly, are the Qwiic Connectors on the top and bottom of the board. Thirdly, there is a 5V pin on the PTH header along the side of the board that is regulated down to 3.3V. Make sure that power your provide to this pin does not exceed 6 volts. Finally, just below the 5V pin is a 3.3V pin that should only be provided a clean 3.3V power signal.

 Power Pins

Battery

The small metal disk in the upper left corner is a small lithium battery. This battery does not provide power to the IC like the 3.3V system does, but to relevant systems inside the IC that allow for a quick reconnection to satellites. The time to first fix will about ~26 seconds, but after it has a lock, that battery will allow for about a 1.5 second time to first fix. This is known as a hot start and lasts for four hours after the board is powered down. The battery provides over a years worth of power to the backup system and charges slowly when the board is powered. To charge it to full, leave your module plugged in for 48 hours.

Battery for Hot Start

LEDs

There's is a red power LED just to the left of the bottom Qwiic connector and near the board's edge to indicate that the board is powered. There is another LED just above the power LED labeled PPS that is connected to the Pulse Per Second line. When connected to a satellite, this line generates a pulse that is synchronized with a GPS or UTC time grid. By default, you'll see one pulse a second.

Status LEDs

Jumpers

There are four jumpers on the underside of the product, each labeled with its function. At the upper right of the picture is a three way jumper labeled I²C that connects two pull-up resistors to the I2C data lines. If you have many devices on your I2C data lines, then you may consider cutting the two small traces connecting the center pad to the left and right pads. On the left side of the board is a jumper labeled PWR. If you cut this trace it will disconnect the Power LED. Just below is the PPS jumper that when cut disconnects the PPS LED. Finally, there's a jumper labeled SPI which enables the SPI data bus thus disabling the UART functions on those lines. For more information, check out our tutorial on working with jumper pads and PCB traces.

Jumpers on the Back

U.FL Connector

The SparkFun GPS NEO-M8U has a u.FL connector in which you can connect a patch antenna.

u.FL connector

Qwiic and I2C

There are two pins labeled SDA and SCL which indicates the I2C data lines. Similarly, you can use either of the Qwiic connectors to provide power and utilize I2C. The Qwiic ecosystem is made for fast prototyping by removing the need for soldering. All you need to do is plug a Qwiic cable into the Qwiic connector and voila!

I2C Pins and Qwiic connector

SPI

There are four pins on the right most header that are labeled with their corresponding SPI functionality. As mentioned in the jumpers section, you'll need to close the SPI jumper on the underside to enable SPI.

SPI Pins

UART

There are two pins on the right most header labeled for their UART functionality.

UART Pins

Broken Out Pins

There are four other pins broken out: Pulse per second (PPS), Reset (RST), Safeboot (SAFE), and finally the interrupt pin (INT). The first pin PPS, outputs pulse trains synchronized with the GPS or UTC time grid. The signal defaults to once per second but is configurable over a wide range. Read the u-blox Receiver Protocol Specification in the Resources and Going Further tab for more information. The reset pin resets the chip. The next pin, SAFE is used to start up the IC in safe boot mode, this could be useful if you somehow manage to corrupt the module's Flash memory. The final pin INT can be used to wake the chip from power save mode.

Pins Broken Out

3D IMU Orientation and Reference

For easy reference, we've documented the IMU's vectors with 3D Cartesian coordinate axes on the top and bottom side of the board. Make sure to orient and mount the board correctly so that the NEO-M8U can accurately calculate navigation information. This is explained in detail in the Dead Reckoning Overview. Remember, it's all relative.

Top View with the the Axis for Reference Bottom View with the the Axis for Reference
Top View with the the Axis for Reference Bottom View with the the Axis for Reference

Board Dimension

Overall, the board is 1.30"x1.60".

Board Dimensions

GPS Capabilities

The SparkFun NEO-M8U is able to connect to up to three different GNSS constellations at a time. Below are the listed capabilities of the GPS unit taken from the datasheet when connecting to different GNSS constellations.

Constellations GPS+GLO GPSL GLO BDS GAL
Horizontal Position Accuracy Autonomus2.5m2.5m4.0m3.0mTo Be Confirmed
with SBAS1.5m1.5m
Max Navigation Update Rate PVT 25Hz 25Hz 25Hz25Hz25Hz
Time-To-First-Fix Cold Start24s 25s 26s 28s29s
Hot Start 2s 2s 2s 2s 2s
SensitivityTracking and Navigation -160dBm -160dBm -160dBm -160dBm -154dBm
Reacquisition -160dBm -159dBm -156dBm -155dBm -152dBm
Cold Start-148dBm -147dBm -145dBm -143dBm -133dBm
Hot Start -157dBm -156dBm -155dBm -155dBm-151dBm
Velocity Accuracy 0.05m/s 0.05m/s 0.05m/s 0.05m/s 0.05m/s
Heading Accuracy 1deg 1deg 1deg 1deg 1deg